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At present, the structure of modern culture increasingly prominent place occupy razvesilitelnye programs, variety shows,which play znachitelnayarol in the ideological,moral and artistic education people organize their living and leisure. Relevance of the topic of my course work "Masquerades in Russia 18 th century" I can see in the revival of this form of leisure as a masquerade bears and Entertainment (t.e.nalichie viewers), and direct participation in the action each viewer.In addition, this form of leisure is interesting and fascinating, it enables a person to disclose their creative abilities through Construction of gaming activities, through costume and role. Just masquerade filled with a variety of artistic elmentami and creative solutions.

The aim of the work I see a review and study of the stages of formation and of masquerades in Russia.

In considering this topic, I set myself the following tasks:

1) zagyalnut in the history of origin masquerades in ancient times;

2) review the prerequisites for the masquerades in Russia and their occurrence under Peter the Great;

3) to consider the further development of masquerades in Russia as a form of recreation;

4) consider the role of costume and mask in place;

5) to review the causes of extinction and the possibility of reviving masquerade.

Theatre Dictionary defines masquerade as follows (from Fr. Mascarade, um. Masherata) - this festival, ball, kind of mass popular festivities with street shstviyami, tearalizovannymi games, where participants wear masks and special suits. Masquerades, mostly held under outdoors.

The study masquerades as a cultural yavleniyazanimalis following scholars: O. Nemiro rassmatrivald masquerade in the study of the festive city art decoration,S. Shubinsky studied memories witnesses masquerades 18 century,and in his work outlines these steps.Same study involved carnivals and researchers such as M. Pylyaev, S. Teniv, D. Strukov. They were interested in stylistics costumes, detection regulating business, figurative allegories and symbols. But, unfortunately, works of these scholars are not enough available.In consideration of culture 17-18 centuries, many researchers in any way relate to masquerades and Carnival, for example, Yu Ryabtsev, A. Nekrasnova, A. Zabylin, Kostomarov, etc. But, unfortunately, this issue remains unexplored and materials for work on it very little.

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