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In the XVII century. urban growth, with a gradual coming to town to live and earnings of the peasant masses in the urban environment powerfully came pouring rustic folk art. The entry of folklore motifs and forms, techniques, elements in the tissue urban carnival, in its drama and transfigured art festival on Wednesday facilitated by the fact that between rural and urban folklore at first there was no sharp limits, because in the countryside and in urban tenements existed traditions common folk culture.

Clowning is one of the links in the national carnival and festive culture with its rich traditions,historical experience of rural areas and in cities in the days of festivities mixed pagan-church calendar: the Christmas festivities and oil, the May Spring Festival,Holiday Yarily at Trinity, June - Ivan Kupala. All these holidays with song and dance and game rallies have learned from the buffoon fun word sound, dance and paint, outlandish costumes and masks, masks, props and elements props, yard of svezherublennyh trees and branches, flower garlands, colored rags and matting, funny and scary "scarecrow puppet figures. By the end of the XVII century clowning as a powerful phenomenon of popular-festive and Folk culture has exhausted itself.

However, penetration in the urban environment of European carnival allowed in significantly revive, and certain forms of pagan culture. Masquerade for ordinary people was the arts and literature. Before Peter Great in the top layer of Russian society did not exist almost no hilarious. This society was forged under the constant influence of the Byzantine asceticism, forbidding all the best aspects of human development. Asceticism declared free science - a heresy, creativity - temptation, music, singing, dance, etc. - "Blasphemous fun" and "bogomerzkim affair.


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